THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES

LI5RARY OF

THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE COLLEGE

KM STATE COLLECTION

ft*N STATE COLLECTION

Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2012 with funding from

LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation

http://archive.org/details/graduatedegreep194853penn

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ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE GRADUATE L.

19

49

^■^"oomeaio,,

The

Pennsylvania State College

Bulletin

ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL

1948-49

State College, Pennsylvania

ryr\l 1 HfTidH

CONTENTS

Page

College Calendar 3

Administrative Officers of the Graduate School 4

Graduate Faculty 5

General Statement 14

Fees 16

Master of Arts and Master of Science ■. 17

Doctor of Philosophy 18

Master of Education 20

Doctor of Education 22

Master of Forestry 24

Technical Degrees 24

Regulations for Theses and Dissertations 25

Graduate Assistants, Scholars, and Fellows 26

GRADUATE COURSES-INDEXED BY COURSE DESIGNATIONS

Page

Aeronautical Engineering 28

Agricultural and Biological Chemistry . . 29

Agricultural Economics 31

Agricultural Education 32

Agricultural Engineering 34

Agronomy 34

Animal Husbandry 36

Animal Nutrition 36

Architectural Engineering 37

Architecture 37

Art 38

Art Education 39

Bacteriology 40

Botany 41

Ceramics 43

Chemical Engineering 44

Chemistry 45

Civil Engineering 49

Commerce 51

Dairy Husbandry . 52

Dramatics 53

Economics 53

Education 54

Electrical Engineering 62

Electrochemical Engineering 64

Engineering Experiment Station 65

Engineering Mechanics 65

English Composition 67

English Literature 68

Entomology 70

Forestry 71

French 73

Fuel Technology 75

Geography 76

Geology 77

Geophysics and Geochemistry 78

German 79

Page .. 80 . . 81 . . 81 .. 83

87

Greek

Health Education

History

Home Economics

Horticulture

Hotel Administration 89

Industrial Education 89

Industrial Engineering 92

Journalism 93

Latin 93

Library Science 94

Mathematics 94

Mechanical Engineering 96

Metallurgy 97

Meteorology 99

Mineral Economics 100

Mineral Preparation 100

Mineralogy 101

Mining 102

Music 102

Music Education 103

Nature Education 104

Petroleum and Natural Gas 104

Philosophy 106

Physical Education 106

Physics 110

Political Science 112

Poultry Husbandrv 113

Psychology , 113

Public Utilities 116

Rural Sociology 116

Sociology 117

Spanish 118

Speech 120

Speech Education 121

Zoology 122

THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE COLLEGE BULLETIN

VOLUME XLII

NUMBER 2

January 9, 1948

Published weekly from January to October inclusive. Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office, State College, Pa., under Act of Congress of August 24, 1912.

STATE COLLEGE, PENNSYLVANIA

COLLEGE CALENDAR

1947-1948 (As applicable to the Graduate School)

1948

Feb. 6-7, Fri.-Sat. Feb. 9, Mon. Mar. 25, Thurs. Mar. 31, Wed. May 30, Fri. June 3, Thurs. June 7, Mon.

Second Semester 1947-1948

Second Semester Registration

Second Semester Classes begin, 8 a.m.

Spring Recess begins, 11:50 a.m.

Spring Recess ends, 8 a.m.

Memorial Day Recess

Second Semester ends, 5 p.m.

Second Semester Graduation Exercises

June

8, Tues.

June

25, Fri.

June

28, Mon.

June

29, Tues

J^y

5, Mon.

Aug.

7, Sat.

Aug.

9, Mon.

Aug.

27, Fri.

Sept.

6, Mon.

Sept.

18, Sat.

Summer Program 1948

Inter-Session begins

Inter-Session ends, 5:50 p.m.

Registration for First 6-weeks Session

Summer Session Classes begin, 8 a.m.

Independence Day Recess

End of First 6-weeks Term, 12:20 p.m.

Registration for Second 6-weeks Term

Post-Session ends, 5:50 p.m.

Labor Day Recess

Summer Program ends, 12:20 p.m.

Sept. 24-25, Fri.-Sat. Sept. 27, Mon. Nov. 24, Wed. Nov. 29, Mon. Dec. 18, Sat.

First Semester 1948-1949

First Semester Registration First Semester Classes begin, 8 a.m. Thanksgiving Recess begins, Recess ends, 8

Thanksgivin

11:50 a.m.

a.m.

Christmas Recess begins, 11:50

1949

Jan. 3, Mon. Jan. 31, Mon.

Christmas Recess ends, 8 a.m. First Semester Graduation Exercises

Feb. 4-5, Fri.-Sat. Feb. 7, Mon. Apr. 14, Thurs. Apr. 20, Wed. June 1, Wed. June 6, Mon.

Second Semester 1948-1949

Second Semester Registration Second Semester Classes begin, 8 a.m. Spring Recess begins, 11:50 a.m. Spring Recess ends, 8 a.m. Second Semester ends, 5 p.m. Second Semester Graduation Exercises

ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL

James Milholland, LL.B., Acting President

Frank D. Kern, M.S., Ph.D., D.Sc, Dean

Adrian O. Morse, M.A., Assistant to the President, in Charge of Resident

Instruction. J. Orvis Keller, M.S., Assistant to the President, in Charge of Extension C. S. Wyand, M.A., Administrative Assistant to the President William S. Hoffman, M.S., Registrar

Carl E. Marquardt, M.A., M.Ed., Ph.D., College Examiner Robert E. Dengler, A.M., Ph.D., Secretary to the Graduate Faculty Betty M. Moore, Secretary to the Dean

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE Frank D. Kern, M.S., Ph.D., D.Sc, Dean; Professor of Botany, Chairman Bruce V. Moore, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Psychology F. G. Hechler, B.S., M.E., Professor of Engineering Research; Director of

the Engineering Experiment Station Alfred W. Gauger, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Fuel Technology; Director of

the Mineral Industries Experiment Station David C. Duncan, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Physics R. Adams Dutcher, M.S., M.A., D.Sc, Professor of Agricultural and Biological

Chemistry Robert E. Dengler, A.M., Ph.D., Professor of Classical Languages Lloyd M. Jones, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Physical Education

COURSES OF STUDY Carl W. Hasek, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Economics, Chairman Frank M. Swartz, Ph.D., Professor of Paleontology Palmer C. Weaver, M.Ed., Ph.D., Professor of Education Earl B. Stavely, B.S., E.E., Professor of Electrical Engineering Arnold J. Currier, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chemistry Wallace E. White, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Wood Technology Eugen C. Bischoff, M.A., Professor of Physical Education

ADMISSIONS COMMITTEE

Carl E. Marquardt, M.A., M.Ed., Ph.D., College Examiner; Professor of Ro- mance Philology, Chairman

Joseph E. DeCamp, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Psychology

Harold K .Wilson, M.S., Ph.D., Vice-Dean and Director of Resident Instruc- tion, School of Agriculture

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Samuel K. Hostetter, Assistant to the President, in Charge of Business and

Finance Russell E. Clark, B.A., Bursar

THE HEALTH SERVICE Herbert R. Glenn, M.D., Director

THE COLLEGE LIBRARY Willard P. Lewis, M.A., B.L.S., Librarian

(4)

GRADUATE FACULTY

1947-48

James Milholland, LL.B., Acting President of the College Frank Dunn Kern, M.S., Ph.D., D.Sc, Dean of the Graduate School; Profes- sor of Botany Edward Steidle, B.S., E.M., D.Sc, Dean of the School of Mineral Industries George L. Haller, M.S., E.E., Ph.D., Acting Dean of the School of Chemis- try and Physics Marion Rex Trabue, M.A., Ph.D., Dean of the School of Education Carl Peter Schott, M.A., Ph.D., Dean of the School of Physical Education

and Athletics Harry Parker Hammond, B.S., C.E., D.Eng., LL.D., Dean of the School of

Engineering Lyman E. Jackson, M.S., Ph.D., Dean of the School of Agriculture Ben Euwema, M.A., Ph.D., Dean of the School of the Liberal Arts William Stamm Hoffman, M.S., Registrar of the College; Secretary of the

College Senate and of the Council of Administration Carl Eugene Marquardt, M.A., M.Ed., Ph.D., College Examiner; Professor

of Romance Philology Willard Potter Lewis, M.A., B.L.S., Librarian

PROFESSORS

Vernon M. Albers, Ph.D., Professor of Engineering Research Herbert Richard Albrecht, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Agronomy Harold Freed Alderfer, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Political Science Jean Downey Amberson, M.A., Professor of Home Economics Education Edgar E. Ambrosius, M.S., Professor of Mechanical Engineering Arthur von Krogh Anderson, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Physiological Chem- istry Clarence Scott Anderson, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Agricultural Education Roy David Anthony, M.S.A., Ph.D., Professor of Pomology Harrison Heikes Arnold, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Romance Languages John Geldart Aston, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Organic Chemistry; Director

of the Low Temperature Laboratory MacLean Morton Babcock, M.S., Professor of Industrial Engineering Adam Leland Beam, M.S., Professor of Dairy Production Frederick Joseph Bedenk, M.A., Professor of Physical Education Victor A. Beede, M.F., Professor of Forest Management Franklin Lee Bentley, M.S., Professor of Animal Husbandry Thomas C. Benton, Ph.D., Professor of Mathematics Robert Gibbon Bernreuter, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology; Director of the

Psychology Clinic Eugen Carl Bischoff, M.A., Professor of Physical Education Ralph Upshaw Blasingame, B.S., Professor of Agricultural Engineering Andrew Allen Borland, M.S., Professor of Dairy Husbandry Robert V. Boucher, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Agricultural and Biological

Chemistry John Scott Bowman, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of English Composition John Robert Bracken, M.L.A., Ph.D., Professor of Landscape Horticulture Louis Jacquelin Bradford, M.E., Professor of Machine Design William Clark Bramble, M.F., Ph.D., Professor of Forestry

(5)

6 The Pennsylvania State College

George Elmer Brandow, Ph.D., Professor of Agricultural Economics

Henry Sherman Brunner, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Agricultural Education

Clarence Edward Bullinger, I.E., M.S., Professor of Industrial Engineering

Leslie M. Burrage, Ph.M., Professor of Romance Languages

William Edward Butt, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Economics

Ernest William Callenbach, M.S., Professor of Poultry Husbandry

Carroll Dunham Champlin, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Education

Grover C. Chandlee, M.S., M.A., Ph.D., D.Sc, Professor of Chemistry

Robert J. Clements, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Romance Languages

Arthur Charles Cloetingh, M.A., Professor of Dramatics

Arthur Wesley Clyde, M.S., Professor of Agricultural Engineering

Teresa Cohen, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Mathematics

Pierce G. Couperus, M.S., Professor of Engineering Research

Donald Stevens Cryder, M.S., D.Sc, Professor of Chemical Engineering

Haskell Brooks Curry, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Mathematics

Chester Distad Dahle, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Dairy Manufacture

Paul R. Daugherty, M.A., Professor of Spanish

Wheeler Pedlar Davey, M.S., Ph.D., F.Inst.P., London, Research Professor

of Physics and Chemistry Arthur Franklin Davis, M.Ed., D.P.H., Professor of Physical Education Joseph Edgar DeCamp, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Psychology Kalman John DeJuhasz, M.E., Professor of Engineering Research Robert Ewing Dengler, A.M., Ph.D., Professor of Classical Languages William Varney Dennis, B.A., Professor of Rural Sociology Harold Edward Dickson, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Fine Arts Francis Janney Doan, M.S., Professor of Dairy Manufacture Mary Letitia Dodds, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Home Economics Leonard Allison Doggett, M.E.E., E.E., Professor of Electrical Engineering David Christie Duncan, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Physics Edward Henry Dusham, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Entomology Raymond Adams Dutcher, M.S., M.A., D.Sc, Professor of Agricultural and

Biological Chemistry William Grimm Edwards, M.S., Professor of Lumbering Pennoyer Francis English, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Wildlife Management Frank Nelson Fagan, B.S., Professor of Pomology Michael Anthony Farrell, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Bacteriology Merrell Robert Fenske, D.Sc, Professor of Chemical Engineering; Director

of the Petroleum Refining Laboratory John Henry Ferguson, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Political Science Hummel Fishburn, M.A., Professor of Music and Music Education Donald E. H. Frear, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Agricultural and Biological

Chemistry John F. Friese, M.S., Professor of Industrial Arts Education Orrin Frink Jr., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Mathematics Stuart W. Frost, Ph.D., Professor of Economic Entomology Theodore Jay Gates, M.A., Professor of English Composition Alfred William Gauger, M.A., Ph.D., Director of the Mineral Industries Ex- periment Station; Professor of Fuel Technology James Edward Gillespie, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of European History Ruth Eliza Graham, M.S., Professor of Home Economics Harold Frank Graves, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of English Composition Nollie Burnham Guerrant, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Biological Chemistry William Franklin Hall, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Agricultural Education

The Faculty 7

Brice Harris, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of English Literature Carl William Hasek, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Economics Hazel Maurine Hatcher, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Home Economics Edu- cation Fred George Hechler, B.S., M.E., Director of the Engineering Experiment

Station; Professor of Engineering Research Kenneth J. Heidrich, M.F.A., Professor of Architecture Grace M. Henderson, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Home Economics William Lewis Henning, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Animal Husbandry Edward Carleton Henry, Cer.E., M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Ceramics Burke Miller Hermann, M.A., Professor of American History John Benjamin Hill, Ph.D., Professor of Botany

Samuel Kurtz Hoffman, M.E., Professor of Aeronautical Engineering Lawrence Lester Huber, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Agronomy Robert A. Hussey, M.A., Professor of Industrial Engineering Clifford Oliver Jensen, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Phy to chemistry Macklin E. John, M.S., Ph.D. Professor of Rural Sociology Lloyd Meredith Jones, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Physical Education Julius Ernest Kaulfuss, B.S., Professor of Highway Engineering Wendell Edgar Keepper, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Land Economics James Peter Kelly, M.A., D.Sc, Professor of Botany

Frank Dunn Kern, M.S., Ph.D., D.Sc, Professor of Botany; Dean of the Grad- uate School Corliss Robert Kinney, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Fuel Technology Cloy B. Knodt, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Dairy Husbandry Franklin Brunell Krauss, A.M., Ph.D., Professor of Latin Paul D. Krynine, Ph.D., Professor of Petrology and Sedimentation S. Lewis Land, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Industrial Education Russell E. Larson, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Plant Breeding John Dobson Lawther, M.A., Professor of Physical Education Helen Renwick LeBaron, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Home Economics George L. Leffler, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Economics John Swivel Leister, C.E., Professor of Civil Engineering Fred Fouse Lininger, M.S., Ph.D., Vice-Dean of the School of Agriculture;

Director of the Agricultural Experiment Station Martin William Lisse, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Biophysical Chemistry Mason Long, M.A., Litt.D., Professor of English Literature John R. Low Jr., D.Sc, Professor of Metallurgy

Viktor Lowenfeld, Diploma, University of Vienna, Professor of Art Edu- cation Pauline Beery Mack, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Textile Chemistry; Director

of the Ellen H. Richards Institute Warren Bryan Mack, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Horticulture Joseph Marin, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Engineering Mechanics David Lloyd Markle, E.E., Professor of Electrical Engineering Carl Eugene Marquardt, M.A., M.Ed., Ph.D., Professor of Romance Philol- ogy; College Examiner William Green Mather, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Rural Sociology Douglass Sargeant Mead, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of English Literature Frederick Grover Merkle, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Soil Technology Dana Kinsman Merrill, M.A., Professor of English Literature Russell Cooper Miller, Ph.D., Professor of Agricultural and Biological Chemistry

8 The Pennsylvania State College

Robert Edward Minshall, M.S., Professor of Structural Engineering

David R. Mitchell, M.S., E.M., Professor of Mining Engineering

Bruce Victor Moore, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Psychology

Winona L. Morgan, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Home Economics

Frank Selwyn Neusbaum, M.A., Professor of Dramatics

John Edward Nicholas, M.E., M.S., Professor of Agricultural Engineering

Newell A. Norton, M.F., Ph.D., Professor of Wood Utilization

Joseph F. O'Brien, M.S., Professor of Public Speaking

Martin L. Odland, Ph.D., Professor of Olericulture

James Harris Olewine, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Organic Chemistry

Elburt F. Osborn, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Geochemistry

Milton S. Osborne, M.S., Professor of Architecture

Frederick William Owens, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Mathematics

Ina Padgett, M.S., Professor of Home Economics

Lytle Raymond Parks, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry; Director of the

Chemical Laboratories Thomas Shaffer Patterson, M.S., M.E., Professor of Engineering Mechanics David J. Peery, C.E., M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Aeronautical Engineering Walter Henry Pielemeier, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Physics Clare William Pierce, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Agricultural Economics Henry William Popp, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Botany Roy Burton Power, M.S., Sc.D., Professor of Engineering Research Willis Everett Pratt, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Education Gilford G. Quarles, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Engineering Research David Herr Rank, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Physics Arthur Hallam Reede, M.A., Professor of Economics James Johnston Reid, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Bacteriology Louis A. Richardson Jr., M.S., Professor of Architectural Engineering Chauncey Owen Ridenour, M.A., Professor of English Literature Leland Smiley Rhodes, C.E., Professor of Civil Engineering Charles Joseph Rowland, M.B.A., C.P.A., Professor of Economics Charles Andrew Rupp, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Mathematics Seth Winfield Russell, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Sociology; Assistant Dean

of the School of the Liberal Arts John Anthony Sauer, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Engineering Mechanics Harold Kistler Schilling, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Physics Paul Henry Schweitzer, M.E., Dr.Ing., Professor of Engineering Research Merit Scott, Ph.D., Professor of Physics

John Paul Selsam, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of European History Isador Mitchell Sheffer, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Mathematics Philip Allison Shelley, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of German James Fremont Shigley, B.Pd., D.V.M., Professor of Veterinary Science Joseph H. Simons, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Physical Chemistry; Director of

Fluorine Laboratories James Whaples Sinden, Ph.D., Professor of Botany Kinsley Richard Smith, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Psychology Norman Robert Sparks, M.E., Professor of Mechanical Engineering David Carpenter Sprague, B.S., M.S., Professor of Agricultural Engineering Earl Baker Stavely, B.S., E.E., Professor of Electrical Engineering Robert E. Stiemke, M.C.E., Professor of Sanitary Engineering Robert William Stone, Ph.D., Professor of Bacteriology Frank McKim Swartz, Ph.D., Professor of Paleontology Raymond Walter Swift, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Animal Nutrition

The Faculty 9

Sheldon C. Tanner, M.A., Professor of Economics and Business Law Harold Irvin Tarpley, M.S., Professor of Electrical Engineering Henry Winfred Thurston Jr., Ph.D., Professor of Plant Pathology Harrison Morton Tietz, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Anatomy and Physiology Charles H. Tindal, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Engineering Research Howard O. Triebold, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Agricultural and Biological

Chemistry William Shafer Vincent, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Education Eric A. Walker, M.S., Sc.D., Professor of Electrical Engineering; Director of

the Ordnance Research Laboratory Arthur H. Waynick, M.S., Sc.D., Professor of Engineering Research Palmer Calvin Weaver, M.Ed., Ph.D., Professor of Education; Administra- tive Assistant to the Dean of the School of Education; Assistant Director of the Summer Sessions William Louser Werner, M.A., Professor of American Literature Woldemar Weyl, Dr.Ing., Professor of Glass Technology Benjamin A. Whisler, M.S., Sc.D., Professor of Civil Engineering Jonathan Winborne White, M.S., Professor of Soil Technology Marsh William White, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Physics Wallace E. White, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Wood Technology Earle Irving Wilde, M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Ornamental Horticulture Clarence O. Williams, M.A., Ed.D., Professor of Education Harold Kirby Wilson, M.S., Ph.D., Vice-Dean and Director of Resident In- struction, School of Agriculture Calvert Charles Wright, Ph.D., Professor of Fuel Technology Mary Jane Wyland, M.A., Professor of Education Samuel Terrill Yuster, Ph.D., Professor of Petroleum Engineering Alexander Hamilton Zerban, M.E., M.S., Ph.D., Professor of Mechanical

Engineering Percival Thomas Ziegler, M.S., Professor of Animal Husbandry

ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS

Clifford R. Adams, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Psychology Mary Brown Allgood, M.S., Associate Professor of Home Economics Esther A. Atkinson, M.S., Associate Professor of Home Economics Ernest Axman, B.S., Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering William L. Barr, M.S., Associate Professor of Farm Management Alfred W. Bastress, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Glass Technology Clare A. Becker, B.S., M.A., Associate Professor of Marketing Paul W. Bixby, M.A., D.Ed., Associate Professor of Elementary Education Thomas Davies Bowman, M.A., Associate Professor of English Literature Anne Elizabeth Boyd, M.A., Associate Professor of Home Economics R. Wallace Brewster, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Political Science Alphonse A. Brielmaier, C.E., M.S., Associate Professor of Civil Engineering Albert Franklin Buffington, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of German Frank A. Butler, Ph.M., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Education Leon W. Camp, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Engineering Research Michael Robert Cannon, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chemical Engi- neering Floyd Leroy Carnahan, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chemical Engi- neering Sruart Chamberlain, M.S., Associate Professor of Engineering Research

10 The Pennsylvania State College

Herbert Beecher Charmbury, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Fuel Tech- nology Fred Morton Coombs, B.S., M.A., Associate Professor of Physical Education Walter Coutu, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Sociology Arnold John Currier, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chemistry Henry Mauzee Davis, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Metallurgy Ralph B. Day, M.E., Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering Leslie E. Dills, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Economic Entomology Elisabeth W. W. Dye, M.A., Associate Professor of Home Economics Paul Ebaugh, A.B., Associate Professor of Engineering Research Charles Austin Eder, M.S., Associate Professor of Civil Engineering Doris E. Ekstrom, B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Home Economics

Education George H. Fleming, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chemistry Harold Kenneth Fleming, M.S., Associate Professor of Pomology Allen Harris Forbes, Ph.B., E.E., Associate Professor of Electrical Engineer- ing Helen Savard Galbraith, M.A., Associate Professor of Applied Arts Amy G. Gardner, B.A., B.S., M.A., Associate Professor of Home Economics

and Art Education James J. Gemmell, M.S., D.Ed., Associate Professor of Economics and Busi- ness Education John Joseph Gibbons Jr., M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Physics David J. Gildea, M.S., Associate Professor of Aeronautical Engineering William Henry Gray, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Latin-American

History Beatrice Liberty Hagen, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Mathematics Francis Tobey Hall Jr., M.S., Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering William M. Hench, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Economics Merlin T. Henderson, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Agronomy George William Henninger, M.A., Associate Professor of Music Clifford B. Holt Jr., M.S., Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering Merwin W. Humphrey, M.F., Associate Professor of Forestry Albert Witt Hutchison, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chemistry Evan Johnson Jr., M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Mathematics Paul Boyd Kapp, B.S., Associate Professor of Engineering Mechanics Paul M. Kendig, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Engineering Research Philip Shriver Klein, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of American History Henry William Knerr, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Physics Harry LaVern Krall, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Mathematics David A. Kribs, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Botany William Morton Lepley, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Psychology Anna Pauline Locklin, M.A., Associate Professor of English Literature John Campbell Major, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of English Composi- tion Thomas William Mason, M.S., Associate Professor of Analytical Chemistry Eugene T. McDonald, M.EcL, D.Ed., Associate Professor of Clinical Speech

and Speech Education; Director of the Speech and Hearing Clinic Marion S. McDowell, M.A., Associate Professor of Home Economics M. Nelson McGeary, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Political Science Robert Peter Meahl, M.S., Associate Professor of Ornamental Horticulture H. Arthur Meyer, Forest Engineer, Dr.Sc.Techn., Associate Professor of For- estry

The Faculty 1 1

E. Willard Miller, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Geography Laymon N. Miller, M.A., Associate Professor of Engineering Research Leonard F. Miller, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Farm Management George Frederick Mitch, M.A., Associate Professor of Economics James Herbert Moyer, M.A., D.Ed., Associate Professor of Education George E. Murphy, M.A., D.Ed., Associate Professor of Education; Director

of the Reading Clinic Robert Russell Murphy, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Poultry Hus- bandry William M. Myers, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Mineral Economics Hans H. Neuberger, D.Sc, Associate Professor of Meteorology George Burgess Newman, M.A., Associate Professor of Zoology Thomas Saylor Oakwood, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Organic Chem- istry Gilma Olson, M.S., Associate Professor of Home Economics Louis Francis Peck, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of English Composition Sylvain Joseph Pirson, E.M., C.E., M.S., D.Sc, Associate Professor of Geo- physics and Geochemistry Albert Perry Powell, M.S., Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering Gordon H. Pritham, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Physiological Chemistry Alfred G. Pundt, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of European History Dorothy Quiggle, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering Harold J. Read, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Metallurgy Philip X. Rice, E.E., M.S., Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering A. Chester Richer, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Soil Technology Margaret E. Riegel, B.S., M.S., Associate Professor of Home Economics Ed- ucation James Mueller Robertson, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Civil Engi- neering Clair Willard Robinson, M.A., Associate Professor of Geology Arthur Rose, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering Urwin Rowntree, B.S., Associate Professor of Industrial Education Joseph Jay Rubin, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of English Composition Clayton H. Schug, M.A., Associate Professor of Public Speaking Ralph Pray Seward, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chemistry

F. Raymond Smith, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Physics

William M. Smith Jr., M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Home Economics William U. Snyder, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Psychology Harry A. Sorensen, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineer- ing Joseph E. Spagnuolo, M.S., Associate Professor of Architectural Engineering Charles Martin Speidel, M.S., Associate Professor of Physical Education Herbert Steiner, Ph.D., Associate Professor of German J. Kenneth Stern, M.S., Associate Professor of Agricultural Co-operation Arthur Bruce Sutherland, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of English Lit- erature Florence E. Taylor, M.A., D.Ed., Associate Professor of Elementary Educa- tion (part-time) Willa Williammee Taylor, M.A., Associate Professor of Music Education Glenn Nicholas Thiel, M.Ed., Associate Professor of Physical Education Edward Bunn vanOrmer, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Psychology Robert King Vierck, M.S., Associate Professor of Engineering Mechanics Herbert Alexander Wahl, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Botany

12 The Pennsylvania State College

John B. Washko, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Agronomy Richard Hadly Waters, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Economics Wayne Webb, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Physics Robert L. Weber, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Physics Clifford Charles Wernham, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Plant Path- ology Mabel Elizabeth Westgate, M.A., Associate Professor of Home Economics Delpha E. Wiesendanger, B.A., M.S., Associate Professor of Home Economics Mary Louisa Willard, M.S., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chemistry

ASSISTANT PROFESSORS

Helen Adolf, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of German

Paul Marcks Althouse, M.S., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Agricultural and

Biological Chemistry Clifton A. Anderson, B.S., B.A., M.S., Assistant Professor of Industrial Engi- neering Thomas Fulcher Bates, M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Mineralogy Douglas Stewart Brown, A.M., Assistant Professor of Economics John Donald Clendenin, M.S., Assistant Professor of Fuel Technology John Baptist Cloppet, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Romance Languages Ray M. Conger, M.S., Assistant Professor of Physical Education Newell C. Cook, M.S., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Chemistry Gilbert Leroy Crossley, B.S., E.E., Assistant Professor of Electrical Engi- neering Charles G. Dodd, M.S., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Ceramics Sybil D. Emerson, B.A., B.S., Assistant Professor of Home Economics and Art

Education Kent Forster, M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of History Richard B. Fox, M.S., Assistant Professor of Architectural Engineering Frank Burt Freidel Jr., M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of American History John C. Griffiths, M.S., Ph.D., D.I.C., Assistant Professor of Mineralogy Alvin R. Grove, M.S., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Botany Lester Philip Guest, MA., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Psychology John Robert Hayes, M.S., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Chemistry Robert V. Higdon, B.S., M.S., Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering Francis Edwin Hyslop Jr., M.A., M.F.A., Assistant Professor of Fine Arts Henry Janzen, M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Political Science Elton Wright Jones, M.S., Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering Eugene P. Klier, M.S., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Metallurgy Ernest A. Lachner, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Fisheries Biology Joseph Thaddeus Law, M.A., Assistant Professor of Political Science Wayne A. Lee, M.S., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Marketing L. Larry Leonard, M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Political Science Robert W. Lindsay, M.S., D.Sc, Assistant Professor of Metallurgy Mildred Adams Lucey, M.S., Assistant Professor of Physical Education David H. McKinley, M.A., LL.B., Assistant Professor of Economics Wilford Richard Mills, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Plant Pathology Margaret A. Neuber, M.A., Assistant Professor of Elementary Education Amos Earl Neyhart, M.S., Administrative Head, Institute of Public Safety,

Informal Instruction Division, Extension Services Ralph Frank Nielsen, M.S., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Petroleum and Nat- ural Gas Engineering Clarence Irwin Noll, M.S., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Chemistry

The Faculty 13

Ruth L. Pike, M.A., Assistant Professor of Home Economics Theodore Stephen Polansky, M.S., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Fuel Tech- nology Margaret C. Raabe, M.S., Assistant Professor of Clinical Speech Richard Collyer Raymond, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Physics Donald Ross, M.S., Assistant Professor of Engineering Research Roger B. Saylor, A.M., Assistant Professor of Economics Robert W. Schiessler, M.S., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Chemistry Leo Sommer, M.S., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Chemistry Randall S. Stout, M.B.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Economics Shiou-Chuan Sun, M.S., Sc.D., Assistant Professor of Mineral Preparation Abram VanderMeer, M.A., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Education David Van Meter, M.S., Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering Romeo Barrick Wagner, M.S., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Chemistry Alfred Frederick Woelfel, M.S., Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineer- ing Guy Woods, M.A., Assistant Professor of Music C. Courson Zeliff, M.S., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Zoology Harry D. Zook, M.S., Ph.D,, Assistant Professor of Chemistry

INSTRUCTORS

Frances M. Andrews, M.Ed., Instructor in Music Education James D. Lemley, M.S., Instructor in Human Nutrition Research H. David Rix, Ph.D., Instructor in Physics

Kenneth W. Smith, M.S., Instructor in Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineer- ing

THE GRADUATE SCHOOL

THE GRADUATE SCHOOL of The Pennsylvania State College was established in 1922. Graduate instruction had been given previously

under the direction of a committee of the faculty or of the College Sen- ate. The Graduate School has general control of all questions that pertain to the interests of graduate work. The faculty consists of such members of the instructional staff as have immediate supervision of graduate courses.

In the Graduate School it is the intention to reduce routine require- ments to a minimum. So far as they exist they are for the purpose of furn- ishing the discipline and methods necessary for independent study and in- vestigation. It is the object of the Graduate School to surround the student with conditions that will enable him to devote himself to some chosen field. Courses of study, association with older investigators, and other aids and directions are for the promotion of independent and productive scholarship. Advanced degrees are conferred as a mark of attainment of certain standards of scholarship.

The President of The Pennsylvania State College, on recommendation of the Dean of the Graduate School, will welcome Doctors of Philosophy of The Pennsylvania State College, as well as of other accredited colleges and universities, as guests of The Pennsylvania State College, with the privilege of attending seminars and research courses and of carrying on research in the laboratories and libraries. There will be no charge except for laboratory expenses. Arrangements should be made in advance with the Dean of the Graduate School.

Advanced Degrees.— The advanced degrees conferred by this College are of three classes: (a) the academic degrees— Master of Arts, Master of Science, and Doctor of Philosophy; (b) the professional degrees— Master of Education and Doctor of Education, Master of Forestry, and (c) the technical degrees— Architectural Engineer, Chemical Engineer, Civil Engineer, Me- chanical Engineer, Industrial Engineer, Electrical Engineer, Ceramic Engi- neer, Metallurgical Engineer, Engineer of Mines, and Petroleum Engineer.

Admission.— To be admitted to the Graduate School an applicant must have received a baccalaureate degree from an accredited institution, earned under residence and credit conditions substantially equivalent to those re- quired by The Pennsylvania State College.

For admission to the Graduate School, graduates of The Pennsylvania State College must have a minimum grade point average of 1.5 in their junior and senior years. Graduates of other institutions with different systems of grading must present equivalent standing. A student applying for ad- mission, after having attended another graduate school where a substantial amount of credit has been earned, or a student whose career subsequent to graduation has been characterized by unusual attainments in fields having a bearing on his graduate qualifications, will be rated by a combination of the records submitted.

Admission is granted by the College Examiner. If the applicant has at- tended more than one institution, an official transcript of the work covered at each institution is required. This applies to the complete academic record, both undergraduate and graduate. Graduates of The Pennsylvania State College may present their final grade report or an official transcript of their complete record at The Pennsylvania State College at the time of their ap- plication for admission to the Graduate School here. For the convenience

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Admission 15

of graduates of teachers colleges special forms covering the undergraduate record have been prepared and should be obtained from the Examiner. Because of the rule requiring a 1.5 average or higher during the junior and senior years of work, each applicant for admission should make every effort to have complete credentials in the hands of the College Examiner before the session opens in which he intends to enroll. Official credentials should be sent directly from institutions to the Examiner. Failure to give attention to these important matters in advance can lead only to delay in registration. If credentials are not sent in advance or are not available at registration this does not necessarily mean that the application for admission will be refused, but certification of credits will be withheld until the admission status has been determined.

Prospective students may make inquiries at any time regarding the possi- bilities of graduate study. Questions pertaining to admission should be ad- dressed to the College Examiner. Blanks to be used in making application for admission are obtained from the Examiner. Attention is called to the fact that there are instructions on these blanks which explain in further de- tail the procedures of admission. General inquiries regarding graduate work may be addressed to the Dean of the Graduate School. Students should not hesitate to write directly to the head of a department if they have specific questions regarding the work of a department.

Classification.— At the time of admission all candidates must enroll either as Regular or as General graduate students. The difference between the two groups is as follows:

Regular Graduate Students (degree candidates).— This group includes all those desiring to become candidates for degrees at The Pennsylvania State College. Their complete status is determined and conditions of candi- dacy arranged, A program is developed under the guidance of an adviser. There is a matriculation fee of $5 which should accompany the application for admission.

Students desiring to go forward as candidates for degrees will do well to enroll at once as regular graduate students.

General Graduate Students (nondegree candidates).— Applicants who meet all requirements for admission to the Graduate School, but who have not decided to become candidates for an advanced degree at this institution, may arrange for a program of work as general graduate students. This clas- sification is open to those desiring to transfer credit to another institution or to those wishing to follow a certain program for the fulfillment of require- ments other than those of advanced degrees. There is an admission fee of $1 which should accompany the application for admission.

If a student once enrolled as a general graduate student desires to be- come a regular graduate student, i.e., a candidate for an advanced degree, he may do so by making the necessary application to the College Examiner and by paying the $5 matriculation fee.

Not more than six credits earned as a general graduate student may be used toward the requirements for a degree.

Registration.— All students must register at the beginning of each sem- ester or summer term. The registration days are indicated in the College Cal- lendar on page 3. Graduate students are allowed one week for registration following the regular registration days before the late fee of $5 is imposed. Registration must be completed within two weeks. These regulations apply to the academic year. There are different regulations applicable to the sum- mer sessions which are included in the summer sessions announcements.

16 The Pennsylvania State College

The student must prepare each term a program satisfactory to the major department or group committee. When this schedule is approved by the Dean of the Graduate School the student shall present himself at the office of die Registrar and shall fill out such blanks as may be required.

The payment of the required fees at the Bursar's office completes the registration.

Under certain conditions credit may be earned by work done off the campus. Students contemplating such work should inquire of the Dean of the Graduate School about the plans and conditions. Such work must be scheduled in advance in the regular manner.

Changes in the Program.— When changes in program of a graduate student are advisable they may be made with the approval of the Dean on "change of schedule" blanks. Carefully planned schedules should obviate many changes. Necessary changes should be made promptly. In the summer sessions a delay may make changes impossible. The foregoing statements refer to changes in specific courses. If, however, the student should decide to make a change in his major or in the degree toward which he is working, he would be required to make such change through the Office of the College Examiner and his status in respect to the new major and the degree would be determined by the Examiner at that time. A fee of $1 is charged for each change of schedule except when the change is necessitated by the College.

Credits and Grades.— Instructors will report in duplicate all grades for graduate students, one report to the Dean of the Graduate School, one to the Registrar. Courses bearing a number in the 500 series are marked on the basis of P ( (pass), H (honors), F (fail). For work taken in the 400 series a passing grade of 2 is required.

Graduate School Fees

Matriculation fee (regular students) $ 5.00

Admission fee (general students) 1.00

Incidental fee. each semester 50.00

General Course fee, each semester 20.00

Health service fee, each semester 7.50

Library fee, each semester 2.50

Off campus registration fee, each year 2.50

Graduation fee 10.00

Transcript of record (extra copy) 1.00

Change of schedule fee 1.00

Part-time fee, per credit (for not less than 12 credits) . 8.00 Laboratory fees and deposits, according to schedule. Summer session students who register for graduate courses pay the regular fees for the summer sessions.

In addition to the above fees, all students who are not residents of Penn- sylvania are charged a tuition fee of $75 per semester. There is no exemp- tion from this fee.

Whenever it shall appear from any of the data presented as part of the application for admission that the applicant is not a resident of Pennsylva- nia, the College Examiner, when admission is granted to that applicant, as- sumes that the one admitted is a non-Pennsylvanian. A student so admitted is held liable for the out-of-State tuition fee.

If the one who is admitted believes that his circumstances do not justify his classification as a non-Pennsylvanian, he may petition the Bursar of the College for reclassification.

Academic Degrees 17

Whenever such a petition for reclassification is made, the petitioner is required to present proof of bona fide continuous residence of the one ad- mitted (or his parents, if he is a minor) within the Commonwealth for a period of not less than 12 months immediately preceding his admission; and, in addition, such other evidence as may appear pertinent to a complete re- view of the classification.

Candidacy for Academic and Professional Degrees

In order to be admitted to candidacy for an advanced degree the appli- cant must meet in full (1) the requirements for admission to the Graduate School, (2) certain undergraduate preparation necessary for the particular major chosen, and (3) must present a program approved by the major de- partment.

ACADEMIC DEGREES

Prerequisite for Candidacy.— Ample undergraduate preparation in the field in which the candidate intends to carry on graduate work is required. The amount of preparation cannot be stated in credits as it varies in the different departments. Full information as to what is considered adequate in the various fields and departments is on file in the office of the College Examiner. Graduate students are told at the time of their admission whether they meet the requirements for candidacy for the degree sought. Applicants who are somewhat deficient in preparation may under certain conditions be admitted to the Graduate School but not to candidacy for a degree until satisfying the requirements outlined to cover their particular case. This does not apply to a deficiency in the 1.5 scholastic average. If there is a deficiency in this regard applicants will be refused admission to the Graduate School until they have brought up their standing by further undergraduate work. Applicants who have been admitted to the Graduate School but who lack the required undergraduate prerequisite credits for the major chosen will be al- lowed to follow a program satisfactory to the major department. It is likely that their program will require more than the minimum residence.

DEGREES OF MASTER OF ARTS AND MASTER OF SCIENCE

Two degrees are conferred, Master of Arts for those proceeding in the liberal arts, and Master of Science for those proceeding in science or tech- nology.

Requirements.— A course for the master's degree requires a minimum of 30 credits and consists of one major and not more than two minor subjects. The program requires the equivalent of one academic year (two semesters), or at least 30 weeks, and may be met by full-time residence, part-time work, attendance in the summer sessions, or by any combination of these. Students not adequately prepared, or assistants and other part-time students, will re- quire more than this time to attain the master's degree. Three credits earned in residence at another approved institution or in the extension classes of The Pennsylvania State College under certain conditions may be offered as partial fulfillment of the requirements. All requirements, whether satisfied here or elsewhere, must be met within a period of six years.

At least 15 credit hours and a thesis equivalent of 6 credits must be de- voted to the major subject. Fifteen credits must be obtained for work not ppeii to undergraduates (courses with 500 numbers). Nine credits may be earned in courses open to upper-class and graduate students (courses with 400 numbers). A student's program must be approved by the head of the major department and the Dean.

1 8 The Pennsylvania State College

Choice of the major and minor subjects must be dependent upon ade- quate preparation. Except by permission of the Dean,